Types refer to different elemental properties associated with both Pokémon and their moves. There are 18 total official types of Pokémon:
These 18 types apply to both Pokémon and their moves. Prior to Generation V, there used to be a ??? type which was only applied to the move Curse before having its typing changed, and the Shadow type, which was only present in Pokémon Colosseum and Pokémon XD: Gale of Darkness.
Each type has its own strengths and weaknesses, most of which are logical setups. Fire-type Pokémon are weak against Water-type Pokémon, Ice-type Pokémon are weak against Fire-type Pokémon, Water-type Pokémon are weak against Electric-type Pokémon, etc. These matchups also apply to the types of moves as well: A Fire-type move such as Ember will be strong against a Grass-type Pokémon such as Bulbasaur. Some types of Pokémon are also immune to a certain type of moves, regardless of its attack power, such as using an offensive Ghost-type move on a Normal-type Pokémon.
Pokémon themselves can have up to two types, making them Dual-Type Pokémon, but moves can only be one type (with the exception of the move Flying Press which is a Fighting/ -type move). Most if not all dual-type Pokémon's types correspond with one another such as a Grass/Poison-type Pokémon such as Bulbasaur, or a Rock/Ground-type Pokémon such as Onix. However, not all dual-type Pokémon's types relate to each other like this. Some Pokémon may be dual-type between two types that don't normally go together such as Water/Electric-types (such as Lanturn) or Grass/Water types (such as Ludicolo) or Grass/ -types (such as Jumpluff), or Fighting/Psychic (such as Medicham). Some dual-type Pokémon lose one of their types and gain a different type upon Evolution such as Scyther (a Bug/ -type) which evolves into Scizor (a Bug/Steel-type). Some singular type Pokémon will change completely to a different type or types upon evolution, such as Azurill (a Normal/Fairy-Type) which evolves into Marill (a Water/Fairy-Type) or Eevee (a Normal-Type) which can evolve into Flareon (a Fire-Type), Jolteon (an Electric-Type), Vaporeon (a Water-Type), Espeon (a Psychic-Type), Umbreon (a Dark-Type), Glaceon (an Ice-Type), Leafeon (a Grass-Type) or Sylveon (a Fairy-Type).
- There are currently 26 unused dual types in Pokémon as of Generation VII:
- The only exception to the max dual typing is the manga-exclusive "Zapmolcuno"
- Both Generation II and VI added to the list of types, Gen II adding Dark and Steel and Gen VI adding Fairy.
|Only exists within Generation II – IV: · Only exists within Colosseum and XD: Shadow|